Wait

Syntax:

Fixed Length Delay:

    Wait time units

Conditional Delay:

    Wait {While | Until} condition

Command Availability:

Available on all microcontrollers.

Explanation:

The Wait command will cause the program to wait for either a specified amount of time (such as 1 second), or while/until a condition is true.

When using the fixed-length delay, there is a variety of units that are available:

Unit Length of unit Delay range

us

1 microsecond

1 us - 65535 us

10us

10 microseconds

10 us - 2.55 ms

ms

1 millisecond

1 ms - 65535 ms

10ms

10 milliseconds

10 ms - 2.55 s

s

1 second

1 s - 255 s

m

1 minute

1 min - 255 min

h

1 hour

1 hour - 255 hours

At one stage, Great Cow BASIC variables could not hold more than 255. The 10us and 10ms units were added as a way to work around this limit. There is now no such limit (Wait 1000 ms will work for example), so these are not really needed. However, you may see them in some older examples or programs, and the 10us units are sometimes the shortest delay that will work accurately.

Example:

    'This code will wait until a button is pressed, then it will flash
    'a light every half a second and produce a 440 Hz tone.

    #chip 16F819, 8
    #config osc = int

    #define BUTTON PORTB.0
    #define SPEAKER PORTB.1
    #define LIGHT PORTB.2
    Dir BUTTON In
    Dir SPEAKER Out
    Dir LIGHT Out

    'Assumes Button switches on when pressed
    Wait Until BUTTON = 1
    Wait Until BUTTON = 0

    Do
      'Flash the light
      Set LIGHT On
      Wait 500 ms
      Set LIGHT Off

      'Produce the tone
      '440 Hz = 880 changes = tone on for 1.14 ms
      Repeat 440
        PulseOut SPEAKER, 1140 us
        Wait 114 10us 'Wait for 114 x 10 us (1.14 ms)
      End Repeat
    Loop

For more help, see Conditions